Study in Canada


Introduction

Location : Canada is closest neighbor of USA

Area : 9,984,670 square kilometers

Population : 32,805,04s

Main States : Ottawa , Toronto , Calgary , Halifax , Montreal

Industries : Telecommunications / Biotechnology / Farming/Mining

Climate :

City Average maximum daytime temperatures
January April July October
Sudbury -9 ºC 8 ºC 25 ºC 10 ºC
Ottawa -6 ºC 11 ºC 26 ºC 13 ºC
Toronto -3 ºC 12 ºC 27 ºC 14 ºC
Windsor -1 ºC 13 ºC 28 ºC 16 ºC

The combination of Canada ‘s natural environment and its reputation for high-quality education are just a few of the things that have made Canada an ideal destination and attracted tens of thousands of foreign students to Canada every year. Because of higher standard of living in Canada , in the last decade, Canada has repeatedly been chosen by UN as one of the best places to live in the world. The reasons listed included: high education enrollment levels; high-quality, low cost education; universal healthcare system; an uncompromising respect for fundamental rights and human dignity; clean and safe cities; and cosmopolitan, multi-cultural ethnic cities with many recreational amenities.

Part of the Canadian mainland and most of the islands near the Artic region fall within the Frigid Zone; the remainder of the country lies in the northern half of the North Temperate Zone . As a consequence, general climatic conditions range from the extreme cold characteristic of the Arctic regions to the moderate temperatures of more southerly latitudes. The Canadian climate is thus marked by wide regional variations.

Canada ‘s culture bears a multidimensional character with streaks from French, British and American culture deeply embedded into it. Canadians are polite and courteous to a fault; they are levelheaded thinkers and love peace. A Canadian would prefer to discuss matters than argue or fight over the same. The best trait that Canadians are endowed with is their ability to accept, adapt to and assimilate every culture into their own. It is a country of immigrants and that is its culture. In Canada , just about every language in the world is spoken. They have television channels and newspapers devoted to any cultural group that has a large enough market to support them.

Canada is a federation with a parliamentary system of government. The powers and responsibilities are divided between the federal government and the 10 provincial governments. These governments are elected by the citizens of Canada . The federal government is responsible fore services such as defense, foreign policy, banking, criminal law, immigration and postal laws. The provincial governments are responsible for providing health, education, transportation services including social assistance. The local municipality in each province is responsible for providing services related to water, fire protection and recreation. The three-tiered government system ensures the availability of all the basic amenities making Canada one of the best places in the world to live in.

Canada also has one of the fastest growing economies of the world. In 1998, Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) was an estimated $688. 3 billion up from $643 billion in 1997. Canada ranks among the 10 leading manufacturing nations, and has also experienced tremendous growth in the high technology and services industries. Other important manufacturing sectors include food and beverages, paper and allied products, primary metals, fabricated metals, petrochemicals and chemicals.

Important website:

www.canadainternational.gc.ca

www.workingincanada.gc.ca

www.cic.gc.ca

www.studycanada.ca

Why Canada ?

Today, Canada has also earned a good name in providing quality education and safe healthy environment to its students. That is why more than 1, 30,000 international students enroll every year in reputed Canadian Universities. Canada gives utmost importance to education and has developed first rate education system with high standards. It is an ideal education destination and gives students a unique experience of education and its versatile arts and culture. Canada spends more on Education as compared to Organization for Economics and Co-operation and Development (OECD) average and is ranked at the highest in G-8 countries.

To study in Canada for higher education is very cost effective and its Universities offer world class education. These Universities are affordable as compared to other Universities of the world such as US, New-Zealand and UK where cost of education and living are very high. According to a survey in 2006 by the Association of Commonwealth Universities, “Canadaoffered the lowest tuition fees for foreign students as compared to UK and Australia”.

Canada offers quality education at affordable tuition rates. The average cost for a foreign student for one school year (8 months) in an undergraduate program is C$11,903.

A Canadian degree, diploma or certificate is recognized as being equivalent to a US degree/diploma/certificate.

A Safe Place To Study : Canada has one of the lowest crime rates in the world. It is considered to be a relatively peaceful, safe and orderly country. Unlike in the US, firearms are strictly controlled and generally are not permitted in Canada.

Quality and internationally recognized degrees : Canada places a lot of importance to education and maintains very high standards in education. A degree acquired from Canadian universities in recognized globally and is valued highly in the international job market.

Safe Destination : One of the crucial factors that Indian and other international students need to keep in mind while opting for a study abroad program, is the safety and security of the country and the city in particular. Parents are worried about the safety of their children and factors like crime against women, racial discrimination, theft and burglary play an important role while choosing a destination for study abroad. In this respect, Canada is one of the safest places to study with very low crime rates and cases of racial discrimination.

A High Tech Country : Canada is an international leader in computer and information technologies and has a reputation for excellence in such sectors as telecommunications, animation, transportation and engineering and specifically, aerospace, urban transport, microelectronics, medical devices, advanced software, hydroelectric and nuclear power, lasers and opto-electronics, biotechnology etc. Canada was among the first in the world to recognize the need to connect schools and libraries to the Internet, and its SchoolNet program is being copied around the world.

Best Place to Live : Canada has the best educated people and the highest literacy rate in the world. Canadians live longer than anyone on the planet, except people in Japan and Iceland. For last many years, Canada has been topping the list of a United Nations survey as the best place in the world to live. Conducted every year, the survey evaluates quality of life in 174 countries, using over 200 performance indicators. Canada earned particularly high marks for its access to education, high life expectancy (due to universal health care system) and low crime and violence rates. Canada’s prime cities Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal have been recognized as world class cities to live and work, for cleanliness, safety, cultural activities and attractive lifestyles.

Education System

In Canada, there are publicly funded and private schools including community university s/ technical institutes, career colleges, language schools, secondary schools, summer camps, universities and university colleges. Different provinces follow different education systems.

Under the Canadian system, it isn’t necessary for children to attend kindergarten. Children who do attend kindergarten usually start at the age of four or five. All children begin Grade One (first standard in many countries) at about six years of age. The academic year normally runs from September through the following June. Secondary schools go up to Grades 11 or 12, depending on the province. Once they have completed their secondary education, students may attend university or college.

Canada has 92 Universities and 175 community colleges and University degrees have three levels- Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral.

Canada offers a range of education institutions :

  • University
  • Colleges
  • Community Colleges
  • CareerCollegesor Technical Institutes

A Bachelor degree in Canada compromises for full time three or four years depending upon the nature of program you are doing (regular or specialized). On the other hand, Masters Degree consists of two years of study for which honors degree is imperative. For Doctoral program in Canadian University you require minimum three to four or sometimes five years of extensive research and study. It includes PhD and doctoral degree in Music (DMus) and law (LLD) can also be obtained from the Universities.

You could also find many diploma and certification program in Canadian Universities where the time duration is generally 1 to 2 years. Besides the regular academic degree of Management and Engineering, you could also obtain professional degree in various fields such as medicine, pharmacy, Law, nursing and dentistry, education and social work. Some of the Canadian universities are regarded world wide and the degree and diploma obtained from these Canadian Universities are recognized globally and promise you bright future. After the completion of studies you could also find great job offers in Canada itself. Students who have Canadian Degree or Diploma are eligible to work for up to one year. International students require a work permit to work on-campus.

For international students willing to study in Canada are required to get a study permit from Citizenship and Immigration Canada. You could also find scholarship programs being run by the Canadian Universities. Students who are not able to afford the expense of education can opt for these programs by securing at least 90% to 95% of marks in the merit. However, one of the basic exams that every international student has to undergo is TOEFL (Test of English as Foreign Language) It is mandatory for the students whose mother tongue is not English. The score of TOEFL matters a lot in deciding your fate for the admission in the topnotch Universities of Canada.

Only those who have completed 16 years of education can enroll in a university.

Cooperative education : Some Graduate Certificates/Diplomas often include a paid co-op component. It combines courses with relevant work, giving students an invaluable head start with their career. Students will also get connected to the Canadian job market. Thus the work experience is part of the curriculum.

Post-graduation work visa : The post graduation work visa is created especially for international students. This visa allows graduating students from post-secondary public institutions and some private institutions the opportunity to apply for work visa on an offer of employment in their respective field of study and give them the opportunity to gain crucial Canadian work experience in the field of their studies for a term of either one or two years.

While in Canadaon a work Visa, it is also possible to have your permanent residence application processed in tandem. Once your application has been approved you will be able to continue to stay in Canada.

Type of qualifications

Certificate : This is a post senior secondary qualification awarded on successful completion of a program which is usually one year in duration. These programs are typically offered by colleges.

Diploma : This is a post senior secondary qualification awarded on successful completion of a program which is usually one to two years in duration. These programs are typically offered by colleges.

Bachelor degree : This undergraduate program is a post senior secondary qualification awarded on successful completion of three to four years of study. These programs are typically offered by universities and lead to graduate level studies.

Bachelor degree (Honors) : This undergraduate program comprises a higher degree of concentration in the honors subject, as well as a higher level of academic achievement. At some universities, an honors degree may require an additional year of study.

Master degree : This graduate program is awarded on successful completion of two years of study. These programs are offered by universities and could comprise a combination of coursework and research.

Doctorate or Ph.D. : This graduate program is the highest qualification awarded on successful completion of four to seven years of study. The program comprises some coursework, but primarily assessed on original research and thesis submitted. The degree is generally known as a Ph.D. however, doctoral degrees may also be granted in particular fields of study such as music (DMus) or law (LLD).

The academic year : The academic year usually starts in September and ends in May. Each academic year normally comprises two semesters, the second semester commences in January. Some institutions have a trimester system which comprise three semesters in an academic year and therefore offer multiple intakes in January and May.

A limited number of specialized programs are offered in the summer session that commences in May.

International students would be able to obtain an open work permit under the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program, with no restrictions on the type of employment and no requirement for a job offer. In addition, the duration of the work permit has been extended to three years across the country.

SPP program for Canada Student Visa (launched inIndiain 2009)

Student Partners Program

THE STUDENT PARTNERS PROGRAM (SPP) IS A PILOT PROJECT DESIGNED AND IMPLEMENTED IN PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE CANADIAN VISA OFFICES ININDIAAND THE ASSOCIATION OF CANADIAN COMMUNITY COLLEGES (ACCC).

The Student Partners Program (SPP) is an administrative framework designed and implemented in partnership between the Canadian visa offices in Indiaand the Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC). The SPP was launched in April 2009 is being continued in 2011. For the calendar year 2011 the list of 43 participating ACCC members can be found at:

http://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/india-inde/visas/StudentPartnersProgram_ProgrammePartenairesEtudiants-Nov09.aspx

Applying under SPP increases the probability of getting visa.

What are the advantages of applying under SPP?

  • Fast visa processing
  • Advance medicals reports
  • Quality of the institutions is assured
  • Less documents required for visa
  • Income Tax Proof not required

Application Procedure

The basic requirement for an application for admission as mentioned below :

  • The student should have a minimum of 50% or ‘C’ grade in their most recently completed degree/diploma.
  • It is mandatory to give the IELTS and should score a minimum of 6.0.
  • Full mark sheets are required. (Consolidated mark sheet are not acceptable)
  • More than one year of gap is not accepted.

According to the present status of work permit in Canada, a student whose duration of course is for two years or more will get a work permit for 3 years in Canada. If the duration of study is for less than 2 years then the duration of work permit will be equal to the duration of study.

Duration of Study Work Permit duration
2 years 3 years
Less than 2 years Equal to the duration of study

In addition, for the first six months the student will be entitled to work only inside the college campus.

Application process to Canadian universities :

Admission or application process in different Canadian Universities varies depending upon which Canadian province you are in. For example, if you are applying in universities withinOntario, you must apply through the OUAC – The Ontario Universities’ Application Centre. To apply to any other university outsideOntario, you must do so through the school directly.

Admission Formalities

Application Form : Each programme requires that you fill out their specific applications. By now, most universities have made their application available on-line. If you choose to download the application, and can complete the application with the help of our counselors neatly.

Application Fee : When you apply to a universities in Canada, you have to attach along with the application form other documentation like academic certificates, extra curricular activities, recommendation letter, grade transcripts, essays, statement of purpose, etc. To process all these documents the university asks for an application fee, which ranges between $50-150.

Statement of Purpose : The personal essays play a very important role in the process of evaluating your application for admission because it gives the faculty assessing your application their most significant impression of you as an individual. This section is the key to distinguish your application from other suitable candidates and a chance to market yourself. A personal statement should include your reasons for choosing the particular program, the suitability of your education and experience, your personal interests and career goals.

Letters of Recommendation : As universities want to receive a consistent overall impression of the candidates they are considering, references for confirming or augmenting your credentials, strengths, and aspirations. Meaningful recommendations should contribute specific information that demonstrates your ability to excel in both the programme to which you are applying as well as your ability to succeed in your career.

When selecting individuals to write recommendations on your behalf, choose a good cross-section of people who can vouch for your dependability and who know about your plans for study. These people may include college principal, employers, colleagues, associates or peers.

Resume : Most applications ask you to include your resume or a summary of your work history. Most institutes seriously consider work history when making admissions decisions.

Standardized Test Scores : These include GMAT, GRE, SAT, TOEFL, IELTS. Your scores in these tests are considered as predictors of academic performance in future years of study. Some schools require minimum scores. Others only have minimum score requirements.

Academic Records & Transcripts : Your past academic record is one of the most important deciding factors in securing admission to the university abroad. Most schools require you to have a reasonably good academic record especially for programs and courses offering a master’s or doctoral degree. Each university has its own minimum requirement for its programs, which are flexible depending on the candidate’s profile. Also, students are required 16 year education for Post graduate courses.

Universities in Canada have their own marking and evaluation systems, which are considerably different from the Indian system. It is advisable not to convert your marks in the Indian system of grading to the Canadian Grade Point Average system or any other system since the conversion may not be accurate. You may attach an explanatory note from your university to indicate your rank in your class and/or university.

Studying & Living

Cost of living in Canada and tuition fees are less compared to other countries as most universities are government-funded. Each university decides upon its tuition fee and there is also a wide range within the same province. Though foreigners have to pay more fees than their Canadian counterparts, the government funding makes it possible for international students to study in Canada. If a student opts for scholarships and financial assistance, then the cost of living gets considerably lowered.

Student expenses in Canada including the student fees vary from C$ 12, 000(colleges)to C$ 30,000. Some typical costs for living in Canada are:

  • Bus Fare One Way (local) $2.00 – $3.00
  • Average Restaurant Meal $10.00 – $25.00 per person
  • Movie $8.50 – $12.00
  • Letter withinCanada$0.52
  • International Postage (letter) $1.55

Estimated minimum annual living costs for single person :

Cost of living will vary from locations across Canada from Indian student’s perspective. It will be approximate C$7000 to C$ 9000. General Indian students share apartments with other international students.

Visa Process

Categories of student visa for CANADA :

  1. Student Partners Program (SPP)
  2. General Visa
  3. University Visa

1. Student Partners Program (SPP) –Till 2011 :

There is a group of 43 Community colleges inCanadawherein if the application is made the visa application falls under SPP.

  • Documents Required:
  • IELTS score within last 24 months
  • Copy of the receipt of payment provided by the SPP College
  • Copy of an Educational Loan from an Indian Chartered Bank equivalent to at least 80% of tuition fees + living + travel expenses for 1 academic year ( normally 1st year’s tuition unless already paid plus CAD 8000)
  • Copy of Medical examination form IMM1017 if you opted to undergo a medical examination before submitting you application.

2. General Visa :

The students making application to neither to the community college nor University in Canada fall under General category of visa application.

  • Documents Required:
  • IELTS score within last 24 months / TOEFL
  • Copy of the receipt of payment provided by the Institution
  • Copy of an Educational Loan from an Indian Chartered Bank equivalent to at least 80% of tuition fees + living + travel expenses for ( full course duration) ( normally 1st year’s tuition unless already paid plus CAD 8000) + Balance in Savings account.
  • Copy of Medical examination form IMM1017 if you opted to undergo a medical examination before submitting you application.

3. University Visa :

An application made to listed University in Canada will fall under University Visa category.

  • Documents Required:
  • IELTS score within last 24 months
  • Copy of the receipt of payment provided by the University
  • Copy of an Educational Loan from an Indian Chartered Bank equivalent to at least 80% of tuition fees + living + travel expenses for 1 academic year ( normally 1st year’s tuition unless already paid plus CAD 8000) + Balance in Savings account.
  • Occupational proof documents for the sponsors.
  • Copy of Medical examination form IMM1017 if you opted to undergo a medical examination before submitting you application.

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